„Žena. Borac. Umjetnica.“

FRIDA KAHLO (1907. – 1954.)

„Žena. Borac. Umjetnica.“

Frida Kahlo je meksička umjetnica najpoznatija po svojim autoportretima, u kojima prikazuje svoju bol, tugu te nezadovoljstvo koje je izazvala njezina vrlo boležljiva te „nesretna“ priroda, no o tome ćemo nešto kasnije.

„Zato što sam ja tako često sama …. jer sam subjekt kojeg znam ponajbolje.“ – ovo je njezin odgovor na pitanje zašto je naslikala toliko autoportreta. I ovdje se očituje njezina usamljenost i tuga.

Frida je još kao djevojčica patila od dječje paralize zbog koje je bila svakodnevno ismijavana od strane svojih vršnjaka (desna joj je noga bila tanja i kraća, a kada ti se svi smiju da si „kapetan kuka“ čisto sumnjam da je zabavno). U osamnaestoj godini je doživjela vrlo tešku prometnu nesreću što ju je prikovalo za krevet na par mjeseci, ali i oduzelo svaku nadu da će moći postati majkom, što je kasnije rezultiralo nizom spontanih pobačaja. Tu bol posebice vidimo u njezinim radovima sa motivima pobačaja. Svoju je umjetničku karijeru zapravo započela tom nesrećom, kada njoj je slikanje bio jedini mogući način prolaženja vremena i to jedino poticajem njezine majke koja joj je darovala posebno izrađen štafelaj koji joj je omogućio slikanje u ležećem položaju.

Udala se za Diega Riveru i to dva puta (ovakvu činjenicu ne bih spominjala da se ne odražava u njezinim radovima).

„Ja sam pretrpjela dvije teške nesreće u svom životu … prva je bio tramvaj koji me srušio, a druga je bio Diego.“

Svoju je prvu samostalnu izložbu provela u medicinskim nosilima zbog lošeg zdravlja, usprkos liječničkoj zabrani. Izložba je uz ovacije i čestitke publike postigla nevjerojatan uspjeh.

Umire pod sumnjivim okolnostima, najvjerojatnije zbog teške upale pluća, no neki smatraju da je svoj život svršila zbog prevelike doze lijekova koja joj je slučajno ili manje slučajno dana (ipak je bila svakodnevno u bolovima, u životu je bila na više od tridesetak operacija od kojih je svaka bila teža od one prethodne, imala je gangrenu te je na jednoj svojoj slici prikazan upravo taj motiv kao i mnogi drugi motivi boli, razaranja te njezine patnje koji sačinjavaju gotovo sve njezine portrete, naposljetku joj je ta ista noga amputirana, imala je nekolicinu spontanih pobačaja.. Treba li uistinu još nabrajati?).

Ova je žena po mom mišljenju, ali i po mišljenju mnogih kritičara umjetnosti, jedna od najutjecajnijih umjetnica XX., ali isto tako i XXI. stoljeća (ipak se i Picasso slaže od kojega dobiva pohvale, a kada Picasso da zeleno svijetlo, znači da je uistinu toga vrijedno), no kao umjetnica je prihvaćena tek osamdesetih godina prošlog stoljeća.

Njezina bol i patnja nimalo ne umanjuju njezine radove, štoviše sa svakom je slikom sačuvan jedan mali originalni dio Fride Kahlo, koji u nama budi jezu, strah, tugu, ali i zahvalnost za taj prekrasan dar koji nam umjetnost pruža u teškim vremenima – a to je mir.

 

 

 

 

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